BIDAMON, Major Lewis C. - I15176
|Born||18 January 1806||Smithfield, Virginia|
|Died||11 February 1891 (age: 87||Nauvoo, Illinois|
|Smith Family Cemetery||Nauvoo, Illinois|
|Spouse(s)|| Nancy Sebree|
|Children||5-6 Children, plus 5 stepchildren|
"He was a fine-looking man, six feet tall, with a splendid bearing. He usually dressed very well, and always wora a "citizen's hat," as the high-crowned somewhat formal ones of the period were called." - Joseph Smith III.
Bidamon married Nancy Sebree in 1827, with whom he had four children. During this first marriage, he also fathered a child with another woman. After Nancy Bidamon died, Lewis Bidamon married Mary Ann Douglas in 1842, but the marriage only lasted six months. He moved to Nauvoo after he was divorced from his second wife.
Unlike the majority of Latter Day Saints, Emma Smith did not follow Brigham Young's suggestion that the Latter Day Saints leave Nauvoo and settle in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. Her husband Joseph Smith had been murdered in 1844, and after his death Emma Smith decided to remain in Nauvoo. On 23 December 1847, Bidamon and Emma were married in Nauvoo by a Methodist circuit rider. At the time of the marriage, Bidamon was the father of two daughters (his two sons had died) and Emma was the mother of five surviving children. Bidamon was not a Latter Day Saint; he believed that Joseph Smith was an honest man but that Smith had somehow been deceived into believing he was a prophet. Bidamon had been raised as a Lutheran, and he had helped establish a Congregational church in Canton, Illinois, but in general he did not consider himself to be religious.
Bidamon traveled to California during the gold rush and during the American Civil War he was a major and colonel in the Illinois militia. He lived in Nauvoo until his death, and on numerous occasions was elected a justice of the peace and a police magistrate for the city. He was also a businessman and ran a number of ventures in Illinois and on the Mississippi River. The Bidamons lived in the Mansion House, which Joseph Smith had begun constructing prior to his death in 1844. In 1871, they moved to the Nauvoo House, which Bidamon converted into a smaller structure they called Riverside Mansion. Emma and Lewis Bidamon both lived in the Nauvoo House until their deaths.
Bidamon's papers are held by the Huntington Library in San Marino, California.
He taught the Smith boys to work, and he worked beside them in the hay fields and on the farm; he showed great interest and effort to help the boys get educated and prepared for useful careers. Lewis did not gain anything financially, but took upon himself the responsibility of being a father to Emma's children, a role he seems never to have resented nor shirked. They shouldered the burden of debt, court litigation, even the forced sale of the property, and more than once.
- Lewis became an indulgent grandfather to Emma's grandchildren as well as his own. Some of them recalled how they would follow at his heels as he worked about the place. He never became cross or irritable with them.
- In his later years, Major Bidamon became a favorite with reporters passing through Nauvoo. He was always good natured, cordial, full of jokes and entertaining stories. He never allowed anyone in his hearing to get away with disparaging words about the Prophet Joseph Smith.