CHIPMAN, John - I27894

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"The name CHIPMAN, as Chapman, is from the Saxon ceapan, or cypan, to buy or sell. Saxon ceap, a bargain, a price, a trader, a shopman." [1] The varying forms of the old English name are: Chipinham, Chippenham, Chiepman, Chipman. In England several towns bear the name, and it is found frequently on the books prepared by the Record Commission appointed by Parliament. The prefix de, as "de Chippenham," is a usual form of the period 1085 to 1350, showing the French influence of the Normans.

"The earliest published mention of the name found is of Willielmus de Chippenham, Chairman of Commissioners in the Hundred of Stapleton, County Cambridge, England, and who, by order of William the Conqueror took an inventory of the extensive estates possessed by the Monastery of Ely, in 1085. Original records of the survey are preserved among Cottonian manuscripts, and are marked 'Tiberius A.VI." [2])

Chipman Crest.jpg
In the book just quoted is a picture of the Chipman Arms, the coloring of which "renders it quite certain the picture was made in England." Arms: Argent, a bend between six estoiles gules. Crest: A leopard sejant argent, murally crowned gules. Less technically: "Upon a white shield or escutcheon, a red shoulder belt, between six red stars. Seated above the shield, a white leopard, on his bead a red mural crown." The description is given by Messrs. Burke as pertaining to the Chipmans once residing in Bristol, England. "The crest or cognizance, served to distinguish the combatants in battle or tournament." ([3].) "A mural crown was conferred on him who first, at an assault, mounted the walls of a besieged town and there set up a standard," ([4].) So it would seem that the Chipman to whom the coat of arms was first awarded, had proven his valor as a soldier, and was thus acknowledged.


I. John CHIPMAN was the ancestor who came to New England. Inquiries made in 1775 by a descendant, concerning the estate, in Marshwood Vale [5], of one Thomas Chipman, of Whitechurch, near Dorchester, gives a clue as to the locality from which the immigrant came. Helwas the only one of the name to come to these shores in the early period, so all the American Chipmans today are undoubtedly descendants of this John.

Opinions differ as to the year of his birth, varying from 1614 [6] to 1621; also as to the year of his coming to America, which the author of Chipmans in America sets as 1631. In 1658, a "brief declaration on behalf of John Chipman of Barnstable," states that he is "ye only son and heir of Mr. Thomas Chip late deceased at Brinspittell, about five miles from Dorchester, in England" . . . and that he "supposes his age to be 37 years, it being 21 years since he came from England." [7] This would make the year of his birth 1621, and the year of his arrival here, 1637, at the age of 16. Hinman, in his Genealogy of the Puritans [8], says he came in the Friendship, arriving at Boston, 14 July 1638. Mrs. Barnes, in Smith with Collateral Lines [9], says he had two sisters, Hannah and Tamsen, and that after his father's death, he lived with an uncle, Christopher Derby, Gentleman, of Stirthall. In May, 1637, Richard Derby, a son of Christopher, came to New England, and brought with him several persons in the capacity of "servants," among them being this young cousin, John Chipman. This custom of booking friends or relatives ' as "servants," or as part of the household retinue, was quite common in that period of great emigration from England, for the passage rates, were thereby greatly reduced. Stopping for a while in Boston and Yarmouth, John Chipman finally reached Plymouth, where the records of 1642 make mention of him, then just reaching his majority. It is thought he served an apprenticeship during the years which had intervened between his arrival in New England and his appearance in Plymouth.[10]

In the Colony he was destined to become very influential. For four years he served as "selectman" [11], an office at that time invested with the authority of a magistrate or justice of the peace. For five years he was a deputy or representative to the General Court. In June, 1659, he with three others, was "designated to frequent the Quaker meetings and endeavor to reduce them from the error of their ways." [12]
JohnChipman Headstone.jpg

In 1649 he is found at Barnstable, having purchased a homestead next to that of George Lewis, sen., whose descendants intermarried with his. This homestead consisted of eight acres and a garden spot and orchard, but this holding had passed from his possession by 1659. He bought half the farm of his brother in law, John Howland, jr., containing forty five acres of "upland." Among many deeds to and from him, there is one dated 10 December 1672, drawn on parchment and signed by Governor Hinckley, then an assistant, which is still in existence. [13] Near the house he built, for more than a century after, stood the Court and Custom House. For over two hundred years this property was in the possession of the Chipman family. On 30 June 1653 he joined the church at Barnstable, his wife having become a member nearly three years previously. [14] The records of that church state that Henry Cobb and John Chipman were “chosen and ordained to be Ruling Elders of the said Church, and were solemnly invested with this office upon ye 14 Day of April, A. D. 1670." [15]

He removed to Sandwich, but soon returned, brought back by the desires of the people among whom be bad labored. It is written: "His removal was deeply regretted by the people; and many efforts were made to induce him to return." The town voted him a liberal grant of meadow land, and they also agreed that if he would resume the office of elder, they would pay him a salary, all of which goes to show the degree of esteem in which he was held as a citizen and a minister in the church.

Hope-howland-chipman headstone.jpg
In 1667 he was on the Colony's council of war, and for this service he was granted one hundred acres of land. [16] John Chipman married in 1646, Hope, second daughter of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) HOWLAND, who were passengers on the Mayflower in 1620.
She was born 30 August 1629, and died 8 January 1683. There still lately stood, in the ancient burying ground on Lothrop Hill, at Barnstable, a headstone marking the place. “Here Lyeth interred ye Body of Mrs. Hope Chipman, wife of Elder John Chipman, Aged 54 years, who changed this Life for a Better, ye 8th of January 1685." The year following the death of his wife, he married (2) Ruth, youngest daughter of William and Sarah SARGENT, [17], and widow (1) of Jonathan Winslow of Marshfield, and (2) of Reverend Richard Bourne, who died in 1682. [18] She was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 25 October 1642. [19] It was her brother, John Sargent, who married for first wife, Deborah Hillier, half sister of John Huckins, son in law to John Chipman, and for his third wife, Lydia, daughter of John Chipman, and thus became a son in law to his own younger sister an interesting relationship tangle.

Among the notable descendants of Elder Chipman may be counted General A. W. Greeley, and President Rutherford B. Hayes. John Chipman died 7 April 1708, his will, dated at Sandwich, Massachusetts, 12 November 1702, being proved 23 May 1708. [20] His widow died in Sandwich, 4 October in 1711 according to some writers [21] but in 1713 according to others [22] Her will, dated 6 December 1710, was proved 8 October 1713.

CHILDREN, all by first wife, and all except the first one or two born at Barnstable:

  1. Elizabeth, born 24 June 1647. Was she baptized 18 August 1650? She married, as his second wife, Hosea Joyce, of Yarmouth. Hinman thinks she died in infancy.
  1. HOPE, born 31 August 1652, baptized 5 September 1652; married (1) John HUCKINS; married (2) Jonathan COBB.
  1. Lydia born 25 December 1654; died 2 March 1730; married, as his third wife, John Sargent (William), of Malden, Massachusetts. For continuation of this family line please see the HUCKINS biography.
  1. John, born 2 March 1656; died 29 May 1657.
  1. Hannah, born 14 January 1658/9; married 1 May 1680, Thomas Huckins, of Barnstable, a brother of John Huckins who married her sister Hope. Hannah died 4 November 1696, and he married (2) 17 August 1698, Widow Sarah Hinckley. He was the father of three daughters and five or six sons by his first wife, and one child by his second.
  1. Samuel, born 15 April 1661; married 27 December 1686, Sarah Cobb, of Barnstable. He was a deacon of the church at Barnstable. They were the ancestors of many men of public affairs, among them Daniel Chipman, LL. D., member of Congress from Vermont, and professor of law at Middlebury College, and Nathaniel Chipman, LL.D., first United States Senator and a chief justice of Vermont, serving as lieutenant in the Revolutionary War [23] these two being of a group of six brothers, distinguished, for public service. Other descendants include Reverend John Chipman, pastor at Beverly, Massachusetts, from 1715 to 1775; Honorable Ward Chipman, senior, President of New Brunswick, in 1824, and Honorable Ward Chipman, junior, LL.D., chief justice of the Supreme, Court of that Province; General Timothy Fuller Chipman, of Shoreham, Vermont, and the Honorable Isaac Chipman of the same place. [24]
  1. Ruth, born 31 December 1663; married 7 April 1682, Eleazer CrockerNAME, of Barnstable. She died 8 April 1698.
  1. Bethiah, born 1 July 1666 married Shubael Dimock, "probably as his third wife."
  1. Mercy, born 6 February 1667/8; married 13 December 1699, in Sandwich, Nathan Skiff, of Chilmark, Massachusetts. He was a deacon. They are ancestors of a numerous progeny.
  1. John, born 3 March 1669; lived in Sandwich and Chilmark in Massachusetts, and Newport, Rhode Island. He married (1) Mary, daughter of Captain Stephen Skiff, of Sandwich; married (2) Elizabeth, daughter Thomas Handley, and widow first of Pope, and secondly, of Russell. She died in 1725, and, he married (3) Hannah Hookey, of Rhode Island. He was judge at Martha's Vineyard while residing in Chilmark, and after his removal to Newport was first assistant to the governor. He was the father of twelve children, and died 4 January 1756. Among his descendants are judge Handley Chipman, of Rhode Island; Captain Zachariah Chipman and Honorable Major Chipman, both of Nova Scotia, as was also Professor Isaac Chipman, of Acadia College, Nova Scotia. [25]
  1. Desire, born 26 February 1672/3; married in 1695, Honorable (called Colonel by another) Melatiah Bourne, of Sandwich, Massachusetts, and bore a large family.


II. Hope CHIPMAN, born 31 August 1652, at Barnstable, Massachusetts, was married (1) 10 August 1670, at Barnstable, to John HUCKINS. After his untimely death, 10 November 1678, she married (2) 1 March 1682, Jonathan, son of Elder Henry COBB by his second wife, Sarah (Hinckley) Cobb.

  1. (Directory Ancestral Heads New England Families, Holmes, xlv.)
  2. (Chipmans in America, Alberto Lee Chipman, Introduction.
  3. Burke
  4. Pory
  5. (Genealogy of the Puritans, Hinman, 574)
  6. (Chipmans in America, A. L. Chipman)
  7. (Smith with Collateral Lines, Barnes, 23.)
  8. (574)
  9. (23)
  10. (Barnes, 23.)
  11. (Genealogy of the Puritans, Hinman, 574)
  12. (Barnes, 23.)
  13. (Hinman, 574.)
  14. (Barnes, 23.)
  15. (Chipman, 9.)
  16. (Smith with Collateral Lines, Barnes, 23.)
  17. (New Hampshire Genealogies, Stearns 3: 1526)
  18. (Chipmans in America, Chipman, 9.)
  19. (Connecticut Genealogy 3: 1257.)
  20. (Smith with Collateral Lines, 23.)
  21. (Genealogy of the Puritans, Hinman, 574, Connecticut Genealogy 3: 1257),
  22. (Chipmans in America, Chipman, 9; Mack Genealogy, Martin, 2: 1366).
  23. (Brief Genealogy of Howland Family, Franklyn Howland, 323)
  24. (New England Hisxorical and Genealogical Register 15: 79.)
  25. (Ibid. 15: 79.)