ENGLAND, King Ethelred - I30825

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King Ethelred

Ethelred the Unready.jpg
Anglo-Saxon King of England from 978-1016. The fact that he was called "the Unready" does not imply that he lacked energy or resource, but is a corruption of the Old English term "bad Councel," which is in reference to his misfortunes, or that he lacked counsel. Indeed, throughout his reign he displayed considerable vigor but it was generally misdirected. For he was impulsive, passionate, cruel, apt to lean on favorites and guided by motives of temporary expediency. Ethelred's reign was marked by bitter military struggles. A worthless favorite, named Aethelsine, appears to have exercised considerable influence over the young King and to have led him to commit and to sanction many acts of oppression.

After negotiating a treaty with Richard II, Duke of Normandy (d. 1026), Ethelred married Richard's sister Emma (d. (1052). This marriage provided the basis for the subsequent Norman claim to the English throne. Although Ethelred paid tribute to the plundering Danes, Sweyn I (the Forkbeard), King of Denmark, invaded England in 1013 and proclaimed himself king. The invasion of the Danes became more pronounced during Aethelred's reign, and he was obliged to bribe the Danes. In 1014 Ethelred fled to Normandy but returned a few months later upon Sweyn's death. Sweyn's son and successor, Canute II, invaded the country a year later and, following Ethelred's death, became king of England. Aethelred also required that each shire in England should contribute to the fleet of the realm for the purpose of holding off the invaders. This act established a precedent among the English Kings.

This line of descent, with the omission of many intervening links, is as follows: Cerdic, Egbert, Alfred, Ethelred the Unready. He had two sons: as extended on this family group report. [1] The Stone of Scone, sometimes called the Stone of Destiny, measured 10 x 16 x 26 inches and weighs about 340 pounds. On each end is an iron ring. This was the stone (we are told) which Jacob used as a pillow when he had his famous dream. He called the stone Bethel -- God's House. Again at the same place, God spoke to Jacob saying, "I am the God of Bethel." Thus God associated himself with the stone. Jacob carried the stone to Egypt. (Perhaps this was when the iron rings were put in the ends to make the carrying easier.) In the exodus from Egypt the Israelites carried the stone during their forty years of wandering in the wilderness. When they needed water, the Lord told Moses to smite the rock. He did so and out came water. It is believed this stone was the rock, and it was then that the rock received the crack which it now has. At last the Stone was placed in the Temple at Jerusalem where it was used as the Coronation Seat for the kings of Israel, the last king being Zedekiah. In 578 B.C., Zedekiah and all of his people were captured except his beautiful daughter who was spirited away by a small group of people led by the prophet, Jeremiah, who carried with them a bell, an ark, David's harp and the Stone. They sought refuge in Ulster, Ireland at the Court of a King who was their kinsman. This king, was a descendant of Joseph's younger son, Ephraim to whom the Stone and God's Covenant had descended.

Ephraim's descendant, Gatholus, was a prince and he had married Scota (for whom Scotland was later named) the daughter of Pharoah Rameses, II. (This Pharoah seemsto have had several names). Gatholus became a great explorer, his son, Iber, finally reaching the part of Ireland now known as Ulster. It was to Iber that Jeremiah took the daughter of the last king of Palestine and the Stone of Destiny. King Iber married his beautiful guest, so David's house which then had the stone, and Joseph's house to whom it had been bequeathed, were united. To both houses the Lord had made great promises. The stone was taken from Ulster, Ireland to Scone,Scotland, where it continued to be used as a coronation seat. There was a prophecy that wherever that Stone was, there the descendants of Jacob (now the kings of Scotland) would reign. In 1296 it was taken by King Edward to England and used as the coronation seat for English kings, but in time a Scottish king (James) was sitting on the English throne. (Note: I believe I condensed this from two magazine articles, but the names of the magazines and some quotation marks were omitted in typing and I do not remember the source nor the sentences quoted. [2] The Bruce coat-of-arms represents the two kings of that great house. On it is a lion with a crown on his head and another around his neck. The crest is a mailed arm, the hand grasping a sceptre. The motto is "Fuimus" (We Have Been). [3]


  1. Ancestry of Edgar Aetheling "The Stone of Scone" Rev. Craig 1707 Ref: SLC FHL 929.273 C844C According to A Short History of England by Edward Cheyney, p 121.
  2. (Copied from "Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland" by Sir Thomas (?) of Learney, Lord Lyon, King of Arms. Pub. by W & A. K. Johnston and Q. W. Bacon, Ltd., Edina Works, Edinburgh.)
  3. Ancestry of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland: David I, "The Saint" and Henry, Prince of Scotland who died in 1152.