MALLORY, Peter - I33692

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Mallory Coat of Arms
Variously spelled as Mallery, Mallary, Malory, Malorye, Malore and Mallory, the name frequently appears in the early New Haven Records, but in later years appears more uniformly as Mallory. It is a corruption of the French mallieure; in Latin, malos, Leoporarious, -- a name for all hunting the hare.[1] Tradition says the first of the name in America came from the south of England, with Reverend John Davenport and Mr. Theophilus Eaton, who came to New Haven in 1637, but the first Mallory might have been an "adventurer," or, more likely, a "minor."

I. Among those who signed the "Planters Covenant" at New Haven in 1644, was Peter MALLORY[2], who received the oath of fidelity at the General Court of that year.[3] He was doubtless among the many faithful followers of Reverend Davenport, who helped to build the church and plantation at New Haven.

Peter MALLORY and "Goodwife Mallary (Mary)" were assigned seats in the meeting house in 1655.[4] A town record about that time shows Peter Mallory undertook to sweep chimneys, provided they would furnish him a "canvis frock and hood to cover his cloathes."[5].

Many of the early records of his property transfers are signed with his initials[6], which shows a degree of education above that indicated by the more customary "his mark" of that period. An interesting variation of his name as found in old records is 'Pooler' Mallory. His home-lot and most of his land was near the Milford town line, at a place commonly called "West Side Farms," now West Haven. His numerous deeds of transfer show that he was a very large land owner, but also that he was one who believed in assisting his children while he was yet living, rather than to accumulate large holdings to be divided after his death, for he repeatedly transferred land to various ones of his numerous sons and daughters.[7]

On 11 July 1663, according to the records, his wife Mary was baptized in the church at New Haven, together with three of her children. On 8 November 1671, the following action regarding him was recorded: "This Court upon ye allegations presented on behalf of Peter Mallory, Senior, for freedom from training doth free him from ye said service." He is listed with the proprietors of New Haven in 1685, "Peter Mallory senior," showing that his son Peter was also resident there.[8]

By a deed of gift dated 2 July 1684, he gave land "by way of portion in part with my loving daughter Rebecca Bunnell, to my loving son-in-law, Benjamin Bunnell."[9] This is an important entry to us, since some historians have stated that Benjamin Bunnell's wife was Mary Brooks.[10] It is possible that the Benjamin who married Mary Brooks was a cousin of our Benjamin -- a son, doubtless, of either Solomon or Benjamin, who were brothers of our immigrant, William Bunnell. Another entry of significance is that Rebecca's brother Samuel, in his will, mentions "sister Rebecca Bunnell's son Benjamin." [11]

Another deed of interest is that dated 29 April 1691, executed by Peter Mallory to "my daughter-in-law, Mary Mallery, widow, relict of Thomas Mallory my son lately deceased, ... during the nonage of her son Thomas," etc., with the proviso that if that son died before he is twenty-one "It shall go to her son Daniel at lawful age, and if he die, then to her son Aaron, and if they three all die, then it be and remain unto my said daughter,..."[12] This deed of gift, executed a few weeks after the death of his son Thomas, indicates a very commendable desire on the part of the father to make comfortable provision for the young widow and her children.

Peter Mallory married about 1648, Mary, daughter of William and Elizabeth PRESTON[13] She was born in England, emigrating at the age of six years, in 1635, with her father and step mother. She was baptized into the church at New Haven, 11 July 1663 (ibid 9:361), and died there in December, 1690. (New Haven Vital Records, printed, 1:69) On 30 August 1697, Peter Mallory deeded all his "estate undisposed of ... moveable, real or personal," to his son Peter, Husbandman, and son John Cordwainer in consideration of life support. His death occurred between that date and 24 November 1701, when his son John conveyed some land, mentioned "the dwelling house formerly belonging to peter malary my deceased father."

CHILDREN (New Haven Vital Records, printed 1:56)

  1. Rebeckah, born 11 May 1649; married Benjamin BUNNELL.
  2. Peter, born 27 July 1653; married 28 May 1678, Elizabeth, daughter of William and Elizabeth Trowbridge, of New Haven. They had nine sons and three daughters. He died 1720.
  3. Mary, born 28 October 1655; died young.
  4. Mary, born 28 September 1656.[14]
  5. Thomas, born 15 April 1659; died 15 February 1691; married by Captain Samuel Eals, on 26 March 1684, to Mary Umberfield. They had three sons. [It is interesting to know that Thomas Mallory's great-granddaughter, Esther Mallory, born 20 February 1762, married Rebeckah Bunnell's great-great-grandson, Reuben HALE, born 24 April 1760].
  6. Daniel, born 25 November 1661.
  7. John, born 10 May 1664; married 30 December 1686, Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Kimbart. They had two sons and five daughters.
  8. Joseph, born 1666; married 1693, Mercy, daughter of Thomas and Mercy Pinton, granddaughter of Nicholas and Elizabeth Pinton. They were the parents of four daughters and two sons.
  9. Benjamin, born 4 January 1668.
  10. Samuel, born 10 March 1672.
  11. William, born 2 September 1675.


II. Rebecca MALLORY, born May 1649, was married at New Haven, about 1666, to Benjamin BUNNELL.

For continuation of this line, please see the BUNNELL family sketch.

  SOURCE:  The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926)


  1. (Directory of Ancestral Heads of New England Families, Holmes, clv)
  2. (Genealogical Dictionary of New England, Savage, 3:145; East Haven Register, Dodd, 134)
  3. (Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, Lineage Book 13:31)
  4. (New Haven Town Records, Historical Society Collections 1:271,273)
  5. (Ibid. 270)
  6. (New Haven Land Records 1:370)
  7. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 54:320-25)
  8. (Colony Court Records 1:45)
  9. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 54:320)
  10. (New England Genealogies, Cutter, 4:1783)
  11. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 54:324)
  12. (Ibid 54:320)
  13. (Ibid 65:64)
  14. (Probably the wife of John Cordwainer mentioed in her father's will)