NORMANDY, Duke Richard I - I29538

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Duke Richard of Normandy I

Duke Richard Normandy.png
[1] Richard I, 'The Fearless,' 932-996 , 3rd Duke of Normandy, married daughter of Hugh the Great, Count of Paris. The line to the dukes of Normandy comes through Isabel St. Liz, and the line to Charlemagne comes through her husband, William Mauduit. The lines merge again with the marriage of Richard I, Duke of Normandy, and Emma, daughter of Hugh, who was - in all but name- King of France.

His son, Hugh Capet, later assumed the title, and primogeniture began in the French line of kings. The two lines met again later with the marriage of Adele, daughter of King Robert II, and Richard III, Duke of Normandy. Richard I, "the Fearless"; named father's heir 29 May 942. Married first (Danish wife) Gunnora but betrothed ca. 945 and eventually married 960 to Emma. Richard was betrothed to Emma for some time but did not marry her until about 960, after the death of her father, Hugh the Great, in 956.

Richard was the guardian of Hugh's son, the Duke of Paris, and eventually married Emma to strengthen his position. He did not treat her unkindly, he merely loved Gunnora. Poor Emma passed her life at Rouen alone and solitary, and eventually she pined away and died about the year 962. After Emma's death he married (Christian marriage) Gunnora to legitimize their children. Reigned in Normandy fifty years. [2] Will Durant tells us in his monumental eleven volume The Story of Civilization that France endured 47 attacks by the Northmen during the 9th and 10th centuries. England had repelled these men of the northland a hundred years before. But France, land of many a conqueroring army, was unable to beat them back. Rollo, great great great grandson of Sveide, the Viking, became ruler of Normandy and 1st Duke of Normandy. One of the conditions the French King Charles III imposed was that Rollo and his warriors be baptized as Christians. The Northmen were being civilized. Some 75 miles up the coast of France from La Havre lies the town La Treport and nearby Eu. Once a province of Normandy, Eu was the home of the first Talbots. William, first Count of Eu, was the son of Richard I, The Fearless, Duke of Normandy, grandson of Rollo. Hugh Taleboth (Talbot), who was probbly the younger son of William, was about 1035 granted a charter in favor of Trinite du mont Rouen, such transaction being witnessed by Hugh's brother, Count Gilbert of Eu. In that same year, Robert, Duke of Normandy and descendant of Rollo, died. Eleven years earlier, Robert had met and fell in love with Harlette, beautiful daughter of a tanner. She became his mistress and bore him a son, known locally as William the Bastard. But history has a way of cleaning up the acts of its characters and we know him as William the Conqueror. What of Harlette? One writer tells us Gislebert Crispin, Count of Eu and Brionne, married her. Hugh Talbot's son, William, was mentioned in the foundation charter of Treport, by his cousin Robert, Count of Eu. In 1066 William came to England, the same year William the Conqueror defeated the British at Hastings. It is not known if William was the first Talbot to sail across the English Channel for the Norman invasion began a generation before the fall of the British at Hastings. England had suffered three conquests prior to Hastings. First the Romans, then the Anglo-Saxon and, finally the Danes. When King Canute died in 1035, the Danish influence began to weaken. Edward the Confessor was made King. While a Dane, he was raised a Norman. He brought his French speech, customs and friends to England. They became high officials in government and ranking nobility. The Norman blood was already coursing through the veins of English countrymen so that when William the Conqueror met the British at Hastings, it was kinfolks meetig kinfolks. Or as one writer put it, Teutons with "only a French veneer." William Talbot had two sons, Richard and Geoffry. Geoffry became the ancestor of the Talbots of Malahide.

Richard is mentioned in the Domesday Book, a census ordered by William the Conqueror (now King William I). Richard is shown as holding nine hides of land from Waltor Giffard, Earl of buckingham. Thus he may have controlled some 1200 acres of land. Richard (de) Talbot married the daughter of Gerard de Gourney, Baron of Yarmouth. Their son, Geoffry became the progenitor of the Talbots of York. The younger son, Hugh de Talbot became governor of the castle of Plessis in Normandy in 1118 with the help of his uncle, Hugh de Gourney. Hugh married Beatrix de Maudeville, daughter of William de Maudville. They had three sons before Hugh retired from family life politics and government, to become a monk in the monastery at Beaubeck, Normandy.

Footnotes

  1. Ref Number: 5844 Harris Descent From Norman and English Royal Lines-
  2. 43tv-The Talbots - Centuries of Service 929.273 T1