PAINE, William - I30876

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William PAINE

Paine Coat of Arms
The name PAINE is given various origins- from the Latin Pagamus, "the intercedent of which was pang us, or village"; paon, a peacock; Payne, a pagan or unbaptized rustic.[1] It is variously written in the early records Payn, Payne, Pain, Paine, Payen, etc.

Albert W. Paine, author of Paine Genealogy, traces the name through its various appearances in Aryan and Scandinavian history, Norman genealogy, and gives a chapter to the discussion of the family name, and another to the various early holdings of the Paynes in different parts of England. He mentions the hopelessness of trying to trace any particular branch of the family, contenting himself with the opinion that they doubtless had their English beginnings when William the Norman took possession of that country. He gives a chapter to a discussion of the Crusades, and Hugh de Payen, a soldier of that period. His description and explanation of the coat of arms held by the family is of unusual interest, since by a series of numbers he adds detailed information not ordinarily found. Argent(l), on a fesse (2) engrailed (3), gules (4), between three martlets (5) sable (6) as many mascles (7) or (8), all within a bordure (9) of the second (10), bezantee (11); a wolf's head erazed (12) azure (13), charged with five bezants crest, (14), salterwise (15).


  1. Argent silver; referri6g to the shield, purity.
  2. Fesse the belt of a knight.
  3. Engrailed indented or wavy edges, denoting that the honor was obtained with difficulty.
  4. Gules red; referring to the belt, courage.
  5. Martlets birds of a swallow kind, without feet; denoting a younger son, having no landed inheritance.
  6. Sable black; denoting antiquity of lineage.
  7. Mascles the three rhombs or lozenge forms in the middle of the belt, signifying the meshes of A net; fishing privileges.
  8. Or gold, goodness.
  9. Bordure an additional honor, or mark of cadency distinguishing one branch from another.
  10. Second meaning the second color named, red.
  11. Bezantee sprinkled with round pieces of gold; said to indicate the coins of Byzantium or Constantinople, and that the wearer had been to the Crusades and ransomed.
  12. Erazed when the head is torn from the body, and presenting at ,the neck a rough or ragged appearance, instead of straight; showing strength as against skill with the sword.
  13. Azure blue, meaning truth and fidelity.
  14. Bezants substantive of bezantee, gold coins.
  15. Salterwise arrayed in the form of a cross X; signifying crusade service.

A drawing of this coat is shown, Crozier ascribing it to John Paine, of Boston, 1660.[2]

Mr. Paine proceeds to trace the English ancestry of William Paine, an early settler of Ipswich, Massachusetts, as the son of William Paine/tng>, of Newton, a parish of Saint Edmund's Bury, one of the shires and principal town of County Suffolk, and a descendant of the knight to whom the above coat of arms was confirmed at an early date. Whether or not there is a connection between William Paine, purchaser of Watertown mills, the iron works at Lynn and other places, and the Sturbridge lead mines, and wealthy patron of the free school at Ipswich, and the William Paine of such fragmentary record at New Haven, Connecticut, is a matter yet to be determined. John Frost, who married the latter's daughter Mercy, is listed by Savage[3] as a merchant in Boston 1677, and probably of New Haven in 1685. A more thorough search may discover the earlier residence of these men, and the family relationships which are now obscure.

I. William PAINE was made freeman in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1640[4], and is occasionally mentioned in the town records of that place. One rather amusing entry tells of a William Paine, whether he or a relative, who knows? who jumped through a church window, for which misdemeanor he was properly reprimanded. An entry of 1663 refers to his "only son" John, aged fourteen years. A court record of January 1665 refers to "William Payne and his sonne Frost."[5]

In the assignment of seats in the meeting house, 1655, provision was made for William Paine and "Goodw. Paine."[6] About 1669 he was constable there[7], a position of great dignity and responsibility in those early days. In 1679 he deeds lands to John Frost, husband of his daughter Mercy.[8] Josephine C. Frost in Frost Genealogy[9] calls the name of his wife Mary. The Probate Records of New Haven, 1647 1687, have the following entry:

William Payne died 11 January 1683. Inventory taken by Moses Mansfield and John Winston, 147 pounds, 12s. 9d. Articles of Agreement between William Payne and Mary Browne, widow, shown: "Whereas there is an intendment of marriage between the said Wm. Payne and Mary Browne, widdow, and (by the will of God) shortly to be consummated; for the preventing of future trouble respecting their estates, and the promoting of love and peace, both with respect to themselves and their children, they have mutually agreed at followeth”.[10]

This agreement was dated 18 November 1679, and divided the estate after death of William and Mary among children John Payne, Eleazer and Ebenezer Browne, and daughter Bristow just who was the first wife Mary, and who the "widow" Mary, is not clear. A record is found in early Vital Records of New Haven[11], of the marriage of John Browne and Mary Walker, 1 February 1660, the ceremony being performed by Mr. Gilbert. William Paine died 11 January 1683, and the entry on New Haven records: "The Widow Pain died the 7 of December 1693," [12], doubtless refers to Mary (Browne) Paine, of the, prenuptial agreement on 1679.

The town records of that period also record marriages of a John Paine and an Elizabeth Paine, of suitable age to place among the children of William Paine. There may have been others.

CHILDREN, order of birth unknown:

  1. Mercy; married John FROST.Bold text
  2. Elizabeth; married 11 October 1667, Thomas Sanford.[13]
  3. John; married by James Bishop, 22 January 1673, to Abigail Brockett.[14] Four sons and three daughters are on record.


II. Mercy PAINE was married at New Haven, Connecticut, by Mr. Gilbert, on 9 June 1665, to Johns FROST[15]

For continuation of this family line please see the FROST biography.
  SOURCE:  The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926)


  1. (Directory of Ancestral Heads of New England Families, Holmes, clxxix.)
  2. (General Armory, 101.)
  3. (3: 211)
  4. (Frost Genealogy, J. C. Frost, 385)
  5. (New Haven Town Records, Historical Society Collections, 2: 131.)
  6. (Ibid. 1: 271, 272.)
  7. (ibid. 1: 277)
  8. (Frost Genealogy, 385.)
  9. (ibid. 384)
  10. New England Historical and Genealogical Register for April 1927, page 130.
  11. (Historical Collections 1: 16)
  12. (ibid. 1: 79)
  13. (Ibid. 1: 24.)
  14. (Ibid. 1: 412.)
  15. (Ibid. 1: 20.)