SHORT, Mayor Peppin III - I31230

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Mayor Peppin SHORT III

Mayor Peppin Short.jpg

Mayor Peppin succeeded his father in Neustria, the western part of the kingdom, while his brother, Carloman, held the eastern part. They both kept the time of mayor of the palace, and were the actual rulers of the country. They appointed Childeric III, probably a Merovingian, as king, but presided over tribunals, and retired to a monastery in 747. Pepin was thus sole master of both Austrasia and Neustria, and after consulting Pope Zacharias took the title of king. He was crowned by St. Boniface in 751 and later was recrowned by Pope Stephen II, who also made him a Patrician of Rome. In return for these favors Pepin made two expeditions against the Lombards. He took the exarchate of Ravenna from them and conferred it on the Pope. This marked the beginning of the Papal States. After an eight year war he occupied Aguitaine. [1]

Pepin III, the Short, lived from about 714 till his death on 24 Sep 768 at Saint Denis, Neustrasia. He was the first king of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty. He married Bertha, a daughter of Herbert, the Count of Leon. She died in 783. Like his father, grandfather, and g.g.grandfather, Pepin served as mayor of the palace in the Merovingian kingdom in France and Germany. In each case, the mayor was the power behind the throne. Like his father, Pepin had courage and resolution; unlike his father, Pepin had a strong desire to unite the papacy with the Frankish realm.

In 751, an assembly of the Franks deposed Childeric, the last of the weak Merovingian kings, and proclaimed Pepin king. Pope Stephen II gave his approval when he anointed Pepin and his sons in 754. When Pope Stephen II, who ruled Rome, asked Pepin for assistance against the Lombard king, Pepin sent his army to save Rome. The Lombards had captured Ravenna. Pepin then recaptured the city and much of the nearby territory, giving it all to the pope. Thus known as "The Donation of Pepin," he helped build the political power of the pope. Pepin added Aquitaine to his own kingdom and began many important educational and religious reforms. His son Charlemagne carried on these reforms. Following Pepin's death, his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman, shared the Frankish kingdom that is now known as Belgium, France, Luxenbourg, the Netherlands, and part of western Germany.

Charlemagne became sole ruler after Carloman's death in 771. [2]


  1. Ref: World Book Encyclopedia, 1985 ed. q.v. Franklin D.Scott, "Pepin the Short." Encyclopedia Britannica Micropedia, 1989 ed. S.v. "Pepin III."
  2. Ref: Colonial and Revolutionary Lineages of America 973.D2ah Vol. 2