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BOULOGNE, Count Eustace II

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  • Name BOULOGNE, Eustace 
    Prefix Count 
    Suffix II 
    Birth 1030  Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
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    Death 1093  Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I29365  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Family BOUILLON, Countess Ida de ,   b. Abt 1040, Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this locationLorraine, Franced. 13 Aug 1113, Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 73 years) 
    Marriage Dec 1057 
    +1. Geoffrey Fitz Eustace ,   b. 18 Sep 1060, Boulogne, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France Find all individuals with events at this locationBoulogne, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Franced. 18 Jul 1100, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 39 years)
    Family ID F16433  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

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  • Notes 
    • In the Middle Ages Boulogne was the capital of an eponymous county, founded in the mid-9th century. An important Count, Eustace II, assisted William the Conqueror in his conquest of England. His wife founded the city's Notre Dame cathedral, which became a site of pilgrimage from the 12th century onwards, attended by fourteen French kings and five of England. It was an important whaling center prior to 1121.[12] The city survived on herring fishing

      BIO: Count of Boulogne; Count of Lens, 1054. Name "aux Gernons."

      ** from
      EUSTACHE [II] "Gernobadatus" de Boulogne , son of EUSTACHE I Comte de Boulogne & his wife Mathilde de Louvain ([1015/20]-[soon after 1070/1087]). The Genealogica comitum Buloniensium records that "Eustachium et Lantbertum" were sons of "comes Eustachius de Bolonia" and his wife Mathilde[133]. His birth date range is estimated from the date of his first marriage, and bearing in mind the estimated birth date range of his mother. He succeeded his father in [1049] as Comte de Boulogne. When returning from visiting Edward "the Confessor" King of England in 1051, he was involved in an affray at Canterbury during which one of his men was killed. The refusal of Godwin Earl of Wessex to punish the offenders led to the Earl's temporary banishment from England[134]. Comte de Lens 1054. "Eustatii comitis" witnessed a charter of "Balduinus Flandrensium comes" dated 6 Jan 1056[135]. He took part in the battle of Hastings 14 Oct 1066[136], was awarded a large fief "the honour of Boulogne"[137], but soon quarrelled with William I King of England. He launched an attack on England in 1067, but withdrew after landing. His English lands were confiscated, but later restored. Boulogne's strategic importance grew as it became the main port for importing English wool for the Flemish cloth trade.

      m firstly ([1036]) as her second husband, GODGIFU [Goda] of England, widow of DREUX [Drogo] Comte de Mantes et du Vexin, daughter of ÆTHELRED II King of England & his second wife Emma de Normandie (-before 1049). Her parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who says that she went into exile in Normandy with her brother[138], which can be dated from other sources to 1013. Her first marriage was arranged by Robert II Duke of Normandy[139], indicating that she probably did not return to England. Her second marriage is referred to by Florence of Worcester[140].

      m secondly IDA of Lotharingia, daughter of GODEFROI Duke of Upper Lorraine Comte de Verdun & his first wife Doda [de Rethel] ([1038/43][141]-13 Aug 1113). Her marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that she was the sister of "Godfrey Duke of Lotharingia" and names her three sons[142]. She made a donation to Saint-Bertin for the soul of "Eustachii domini mei comitis" with her sons "Godefridi et Balduini"[143]. The Lamberti Audomariensis Chronica records the death "Id Apr 1113" of "Ida comitissa Boloniæ"[144].

      ** from Wikipedia listing for Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, as of 10/20/2014
      Eustace II, (c.  1015–1020 – c. 1087), also known as Eustace aux Gernons (with moustaches) [1][2][3] was Count of Boulogne from 1049–1087. He fought on the Norman side at the Battle of Hastings, and afterwards received large grants of land forming an honour in England. He is one of the few proven Companions of William the Conqueror. It has been suggested that Eustace was the patron of the Bayeux Tapestry.[4]

      He was the son of Eustace I of Boulogne.

      Marriage & progeny
      Eustace married twice:

      Firstly to Goda, daughter of the English king Æthelred the Unready, and sister of Edward the Confessor.[5] Goda died circa 1047.[3]
      Secondly in about 1049,[3] soon after Goda's death, he married Ida of Lorraine, daughter of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine. By her Eustace had three sons:
      Eustace III, Count of Boulogne
      Godfrey of Bouillon, King of Jerusalem
      Baldwin I of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem

      In 1048 Eustace joined his father-in-law's rebellion against the Emperor Henry III. The next year Eustace was excommunicated by Pope Leo IX for marrying within the prohibited degree of kinship. Eustace and Ida were both descended from Louis II of France, and just within the prohibited seventh degree. However, since today not all their ancestors are known, there may have existed a closer relationship.[6] The Pope's action was possibly at the behest of Henry III. The rebellion failed, and in 1049 Eustace and Godfrey submitted to Henry III.

      Eustace visited England in 1051, and was received with honour at the court of Edward the Confessor. Edward and Eustace were former brothers-in-law and remained political allies. On the other side of the political divide the dominant figure in England was Earl Godwin, who had recently married his son Tostig to the daughter of Eustace's rival the Count of Flanders. Furthermore Godwin's son Sweyn Godwinson had been feuding with Eustace's stepson Ralph the Timid.

      A brawl in which Eustace and his servants became involved with the citizens of Dover led to a serious quarrel between the king and Godwin. The latter, to whose jurisdiction the men of Dover were subject, refused to punish them. His lack of respect to those in authority became the excuse for his being outlawed together with his family. They left England, but returned the next year in 1052 with a large army, aided by the Flemish.

      In 1052 William of Talou rebelled against his nephew Duke William of Normandy. Eustace may well have been involved in this rebellion, although there is no specific evidence, for after William of Talou's surrender he fled to the Boulonnais court.

      The following years saw still further advances by Eustace's rivals and enemies. Count Baldwin of Flanders consolidated his hold over territories he had annexed to the east. In 1060 he became tutor of his nephew King Philip I of France. In contrast Eustace's stepson Walter of Mantes failed in his attempt to claim the County of Maine. He was captured by the Normans and died soon afterwards in mysterious circumstances.
      Fights at Battle of Hastings
      Supposed depiction of Eustace at the Battle of Hastings. Detail from Bayeux Tapestry. Inscription above Duke William: HIC EST WILLELMUS DUX ("Here is Duke William") and above the figure to the right of him E...TIUS (apparently a Latinised form of "Eustace")

      These events evidently caused a shift in Eustace's political allegiances, for he then became an important participant in the Norman conquest of England in 1066. He fought at Hastings, although sources vary regarding the details of his conduct during the battle. The contemporary chronicler William of Poitiers wrote concerning him:

      With a harsh voice he (Duke William) called to Eustace of Boulogne, who with 50 knights was turning in flight and was about to give the signal for retreat. This man came up to the Duke and said in his ear that he ought to retire since he would court death if he went forward. But at the very moment when he uttered the words Eustace was struck between the shoulders with such force that blood gushed out from his mouth and nose and half dead he only made his escape with the aid of his followers.[7]

      The depiction in the Bayeux Tapestry shows a knight carrying a banner who rides up to Duke William and points excitedly with his finger towards the rear of the Norman advance. William turns his head and lifts up his visor to show his knights following him that he is still alive and determined to fight on. This conforms therefore with Eustace having somewhat lost his nerve and having urged the Duke to retreat whilst the Battle was at its height with the outcome still uncertain. Other sources suggest that Eustace was present with William at the Malfosse incident in the immediate aftermath of the battle, where a Saxon feigning death leapt up and attacked him, and was presumably cut down before he could reach William.

      Eustace received large land grants afterwards, which suggests he contributed in other ways as well, perhaps by providing ships.

      In the following year, probably because he was dissatisfied with his share of the spoil, he assisted the Kentishmen in an attempt to seize Dover Castle. The conspiracy failed, and Eustace was sentenced to forfeit his English fiefs. Subsequently he was reconciled to the Conqueror, who restored a portion of the confiscated lands.

      Eustace died circa 1087, and was succeeded by his son, Eustace III.

      Tanner, Heather. "The Expansion of the Power and Influence of the Counts of Boulogne under Eustace II". Anglo-Norman Studies 14: 251-277.
      Cawley, Charles, NORTHERN FRANCE, NOBILITY, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012,[better source needed] NORTHERN FRANCE, NOBILITY presents a range of dates for both his birth and death. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition appears to favor a 1087 death date. This conflicts with the previous source and with Holböck, Ferdinand (c. 2002). Married Saints and Blesseds. Ignatius Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-89870-843-5. and Duby, Georges; Jane Dunnett, translator (c. 1996). Love and Marriage in the Middle Ages. University of Chicago Press: Ignatius Press. p. 40. ISBN 0-226-16774-7.
      Heather J. Tanner, ‘Eustace (II) , count of Boulogne (d. c.1087)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
      Vitalis, Ordericus; Thomas Forester, translator (1854). The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, Vol II. London: H.G. Bohn. pp. 12, footnote.
      Tanner 263
      Wm. of Poitiers, per Douglas, David C. & Greenaway, George W. (Eds.) English Historical Documents 1042-1189, London, 1959. "William of Poitiers: the Deeds of William, Duke of the Normans and King of the English", pp. 217–232 (pp.228-9) & "The Bayeux Tapestry", pp. 232–279. Douglas (1959),

      Bridgeford, Andrew (1999). "Was Count Eustace II of Boulogne the patron of the Bayeux Tapestry?". Journal of Medieval History 25: 155–185. doi:10.1016/S0304-4181(98)00029-3.; Bridgeford, Andrew (2005). 1066: The Hidden History in the Bayeux Tapestry. Walker & Company. ISBN 1-84115-040-1.; Bridgeford, Andrew (2004). "Whose Tapestry is it Anyway?". History Today 54.
      Tanner, Heather. "The Expansion of the Power and Influence of the Counts of Boulogne under Eustace II". Anglo-Norman Studies 14: 251–277.
      Vitalis, Ordericus; Thomas Forester, translator (1854). The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, Vol II. London: H. G. Bohn. pp. 12, footnote.
      "Foundation of Medieval Genealogy".
      Holböck, Ferdinand (c. 2002). Married Saints and Blesseds. Ignatius Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-89870-843-5.
      Duby, Georges; Jane Dunnett, translator (c. 1996). Love and Marriage in the Middle Ages. University of Chicago Press: Ignatius Press. p. 40. ISBN 0-226-16774-7.

      ** from Falaise Roll (M.J. Crispin) p 18
      Eustache II, comte de Boulogne was the son of Eustache I and Mahaut, daughter of Lambert the Bearded, count of Louvain, and succeeded his father about 1047.

      In 1050 he married Goda, daughter of Ethelred II, king of England, and widow of Dreu, the count of Vexin... He joined duke William in the conquest of England, and is expressly named by William of Poitiers and personally depicted as Eustatius on the Bayeaux Tapestry. Guy, bishop of Amiens, states that Harold's body was mutiliated by Eustache and others. He was severely wounded at the duke's side while, according to Orderic Vital, while advising him to retreat... For his services in the engagement he received large grants of land in various part of England.