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CLARE, Countess Isabell de[1]

Female 1172 - 1220  (48 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name CLARE, Isabell de 
    Prefix Countess 
    Birth Feb 1172  Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Female 
    Burial May 1220  Tintern Abbey, Tintern, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Death 14 May 1220  Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 21 Feb 1929  SLAKE Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I29909  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father CLARE, Earl Richard Fitzgilbert ,   b. 1130, Tunbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this locationTunbridge, Kent, Englandd. 5 Apr 1176, Dublin Castle, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 46 years) 
    Mother KAVANAGH, Countess Eva Macmurogh ,   b. 26 Apr 1145, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this locationLeinster, Irelandd. 26 Aug 1188, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 43 years) 
    Marriage 26 Aug 1171  Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F6528  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family MARSHALL, Earl William ,   b. 1146, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this locationPembroke, Pembrokeshire, Walesd. 14 May 1219, Caversham Manor, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 73 years) 
    Marriage Aug 1189  Edmonton, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Jul 1189 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 23 Nov 1993, OAKLA. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married London, Middlesex, England.

      ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 10 Nov 1941, SLAKE.
    Children 6 sons and 6 daughters 
    Family ID F6887  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

  • Photos At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • --Other Fields Ref Number: 384 GIVEN NAMES: Also shown as Isabel Fitzgilbert De DEATH: Also shown as Died , Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. ~ENDOWMENT: Also shown as Endowed 12 Mar 1931, ARIZO.,_4th_Countess_of_Pembroke
      Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, was the daughter of Richard de Clare (Strongbow), 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife Aoife of Leinster. After the death of her brother Gilbert, Isabel became one of the wealthiest heiresses in Britain. Isabel de Clare had 5 sons and 5 Daughters: William; Richard; Maud; Gilbert; Walter; Anselm; Isabel; Sibyl; Joan; and Eva. All five of the sons would attain the rank of Earl of Pembroke. Isabel de Clare would die in 1220, a year after the death of her husband William Marshall, and she was buried in Tintern Abbey in Monmouthshire, Wales. William Marshall was buried at the Temple Church in London. His tomb and effigy are extant today in the Temple Church. Isabel's mother Aoife of Leinster, daughter Maude, and her sons Anselm and Walter were buried at Tintern Abbey.

      BIO: from
      ISABEL (-1220, bur Tintern Abbey). Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 22 Mar 1222 under which “Willielmus mareschallus Angliæ, comes Penbrochiæ” founded Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, for the souls of ”bonæ memoriæ Walteri filii Ricardi filii Gilberti Strongbowe avi mei, et Willelmi Marescalli patris mei, et Ysabellæ matris meæ”[951], although the identify of “Walteri” in this document is unclear. m (London Aug 1189) WILLIAM Marshal, son of JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" & his second wife Sibyl de Salisbury ([1146]-Caversham 14 May 1219, bur London, Temple Church). He was invested as Earl of Pembroke 27 May 1199 by King John.

      ** from Wikipedia listing for Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke
      Isabel de Clare, suo jure Countess of Pembroke and Striguil (1172–1220), was a Cambro-Norman-Irish noblewoman and one of the greatest heiresses in Wales and Ireland.[1] She was the wife of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, who served four successive kings as Lord Marshal of England. Her marriage had been arranged by King Richard I.
      Daniel Maclise's painting of the marriage of Isabel's parents, Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster in August 1170, the day after the capture of Waterford.

      Family inheritance
      Isabel was born in 1172 in Ireland, the eldest child of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1130 – 20 April 1176), known to history as "Strongbow", and Aoife of Leinster, who was the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough, the deposed King of Leinster and Mor Ui Thuathail. The latter was a daughter of Muitchertach O'Toole and Cacht Inion Loigsig O'Morda. The marriage of Strongbow and Aoife took place in August 1170, the day after the capture of Waterford by the Cambro-Norman forces led by Strongbow.

      Isabel's paternal grandparents were Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabella de Meulan. She had a younger brother Gilbert de Striguil who, being a minor, was not formally invested with either the earldom of Pembroke or of Striguil. It is unlikely that his father could have passed on the title to Pembroke as he himself did not possess it. When Gilbert died in 1185, Isabel became Countess of Pembroke in her own right (suo jure) until her death in 1220. In this way, she could be said to be the first successor to the earldom of Pembroke since her grandfather Gilbert, the first earl. By this reckoning, Isabel ought to be called the second countess, not the fourth countess of Pembroke. In any event, the title Earl was re-created for her husband as her consort. She also had an illegitimate half-sister Basile de Clare, who married three times. Basile's husbands were: Robert de Quincy; Raymond Fitzgerald, Constable of Leinster: Geoffrey FitzRobert, Baron of Kells.

      Isabel was described as having been "the good, the fair, the wise, the courteous lady of high degree".[2] She allegedly spoke French, Irish and Latin.[3] After her brother Gilbert's death, Isabel became one of the wealthiest heiresses in the kingdom, owning besides the titles of Pembroke and Striguil, much land in Wales and Ireland.[4] She inherited the numerous castles on the inlet of Milford Haven, guarding the South Channel, including Pembroke Castle.[5] She was a legal ward of King Henry II, who carefully watched over her inheritance.[6]

      The new King Richard I arranged her marriage in August 1189 to William Marshal, regarded by many as the greatest knight and soldier in the realm. Henry II had promised Marshal he would be given Isabel as his bride, and his son and successor Richard upheld the promise one month after his accession to the throne. At the time of her marriage, Isabel was residing in the Tower of London in the protective custody of the Justiciar of England, Ranulf de Glanville.[7] Following the wedding, which was celebrated in London "with due pomp and ceremony",[8] they spent their honeymoon at Stoke d'Abernon in Surrey which belonged to Enguerrand d'Abernon.[9]

      Marriage to Isabel elevated William Marshal from the status as a landless knight into one of the richest men in the kingdom. He would serve as Lord Marshal of England, four kings in all: Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III. Although Marshal did not become the jure uxoris 1st Earl of Pembroke, Earl of Striguil until 1199, he nevertheless assumed overlordship of Leinster in Ireland, Pembroke Castle, Chepstow Castle, as well as Isabel's other castles in Wales such as the keep of Haverford, Tenby, Lewhaden, Narberth, Stackpole.[10]

      Shortly after their marriage, Marshal and Isabella arrived in Ireland, at Old Ros, a settlement located in the territory which belonged to her grandfather, Dermot MacMurrough. A motte was hastily constructed, a medieval borough quickly grew around it, and afterwards the Marshals founded the port town by the river which subsequently became known as New Ross. The Chronicles of Ros, which are housed in the British Museum, described Isabella and Marshal's arrival in Ireland and records that Isabella set about building a lovely city on the banks of the Barrow.

      In 1192, Isabel and her husband assumed the task of managing their vast lands; starting with the rebuilding of Kilkenny Castle and the town, both of which had been damaged by the O'Brien clan in 1173. Later they commissioned the construction of several abbeys in the vicinity.[11]

      The marriage was happy, despite the vast difference in age between them. William Marshal and Isabel produced a total of five sons and five daughters.[12]

      William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1190 – 6 April 1231). Chief Justiciar of Ireland. He married firstly, Alice de Bethune, and secondly, Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of King John. He died childless.
      Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1191 – 1 April 1234) Kilkenny Castle, Ireland), married Gervase le Dinant. He died childless.
      Maud Marshal (1192 – 27 March 1248). She married firstly, Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, by whom she had issue; she married secondly, William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey, by whom she had issue, including John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey who married Alice le Brun de Lusignan; she married thirdly, Walter de Dunstanville. Queen consorts Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Parr are descendants.
      Gilbert Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke (1194 – 27 June 1241). He married firstly, Margaret of Scotland; and secondly, Maud de Lanvaley. He died childless.
      Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke (1196 – 24 November 1245). He married Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln, widow of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln, as her second husband. The marriage was childless.
      Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke (1198 – 22 December 1245). He married Maud de Bohun. He died childless.
      Isabel Marshal (9 October 1200 – 17 January 1240). She married firstly, Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford; and secondly, Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall. She had issue by both marriages. Queen consorts Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr were descendants.
      Sibyl Marshal (1201 – before 1238), married William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby, by whom she had issue. Queen consort Catherine Parr was a descendant.
      Joan Marshal (1202–1234), married Warin de Munchensi, Lord of Swanscombe, by whom she had issue. Both queen consorts Jane Seymour and Catherine Parr were descendants.
      Eva Marshal (1203–1246), married William de Braose (died 1230). She had issue, from whom descended, queens consorts Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr.

      Isabel died in Pembrokeshire, Wales in 1220 at the age of forty-eight. Her husband had died the year before. She was buried at Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire; however a cenotaph was discovered inside St. Mary's Church in New Ross, Ireland whose slab bears the partial inscription "ISABEL: LAEGN" and her engraved likeness.[13]

      It was suggested in 1892 by Paul Meyer that Isabel might have encouraged the composition of the Song of Dermot which narrates the exploits of her father and maternal grandfather. However, the Song of Dermot as now known was composed a few years after her death (though based on earlier writings).[14]

      Although her daughters had many children, Isabel's five sons, curiously, died childless. This is supposedly attributed to a curse placed upon William Marshal by the Irish Bishop of Ferns.[15] The title of marshal subsequently passed to Hugh de Bigod, husband of Isabel's eldest daughter Maud, while the title of Earl of Pembroke went to William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke, the husband of Joan de Munchensi, daughter of Joan Marshal. He was the first of the de Valence line of the earls of Pembroke.

      ** from William Marshal, The Flower of Chivalry (Georges Duby) p 125--
      ...In those days when custom decreed a daughter must be twelve before she could be put in a husband's bed, Isabel was certainly of age, but she was at most seventeen, about thirty years younger than her husband, a man on the wane. Chances were considerable that this woman would soon be a widow, and a very desirable one, returning to the hands of the appointed matchmaker, the king, to serve a second time as a sumptuous reward for valorous services. Who could forsee, on her wedding day, that she would live some thirty years more in the shadow of William Marshal's astonishing longevity? That he would enjoy her body so long and so arduously that she would give him at least ten children? That he would exploit for so many years the rights his marriage had entitled him to administer? These rights were enormous: only one other heiress in all England was richer than Isabel at the time.

      ...Through her father, Isabel also claimed the inheritance of a great Norman line that had died out in 1164: her great-great-grandfather, at the end of the eleventh century, had married a Giffard. She could not obtain the whole inheritance, obliged to share it with a cousin, the earl of Hertford, but the castle of Orbec, near Lisieux, had come to her, and half the barony of Longueville: two manors and the service of forty-three knights. A splendid seigneury, as we can reckon from the inheritance tax, two thousand silver marcs, which the king demanded of William before authorizing him to "collect," as the expression went, this fief and to hold it in his wife's name. And finally through her mother, Isabel possessed nearly a fourth of Ireland.

      AFN: Merged with a record that used the AFN 18GJ-HHW

      ID: Merged with a record that used the ID 21538852+1

      BIRTH: Also shown as Born 1173

      DEATH: Also shown as Died 1220

      BURIAL: Also shown as Buried Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire, England.

      ~SEALING_PARENTS: Also shown as SealPar 9 Jun 1993, BOISE.

  • Sources 
    1. [S11] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Unknown (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Isabel De Clare; Female; Birth: 1173; Father: Richard De Clare; Mother: Eva Mac Murrough; Spouse: William Marshall; Marriage: AUG 1189 , , Wales; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 26 Sep 2004

    3. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Isabel de Clare; Female; Birth: 1173 Pembroke, Pembroke, Wales; Death: 1220; Baptism: 11 NOV 1992 BOISE; Endowment: 29 APR 1993 BOISE; Sealing to Parents: 09 JUN 1993 BOISE; Richard de Clare / Eva Mac Murrough; Father: Richard de Clare; Mother: Eva Mac Murrough; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church to request LDS temple ordinances.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 26 Sep 2004