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FITZGERALD, Warden Maurice

Male 1100 - 1177  (77 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document


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  • Name FITZGERALD, Maurice 
    Prefix Warden 
    Nickname The Invader 
    Birth 1100  Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Burial Sep 1177  Welford, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Death 1 Sep 1177  Welford, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 6 Sep 1920  MANTI Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I39168  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father FITZGERALD, Gerald de ,   b. 1070, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this locationCarew, Pembrokeshire, Walesd. 1136, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 66 years) 
    Mother RHYSE, Princess Nest Verch ,   b. 1074, Dynevor, Carmarthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this locationDynevor, Carmarthshire, Walesd. Bef 1136, Carmarthenshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location (Age < 61 years) 
    Marriage Abt 1101  Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F15339  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family MONTGOMERY, Alice de ,   b. 1100, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this locationPembroke, Pembrokeshire, Walesd. 1 Sep 1176, Wexford, Wexford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 76 years) 
    Marriage Abt 1120  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 5 sons and 1 daughter 
    Family ID F21485  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

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  • Notes 
    • Ref: C. W. Fitzgerald: "Earls of Kildare," pp. 5-10 "Invader of Ireland" Principal leader under trongbow of Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland 1169, granted Maynooth, Co. Kildare, by Strongbow 1176, died 1176, Wexford, age 76 yrs. Ancient English and Norman Extraction as High as the time of Henry II - Fitzmaurice. Maurice Fitzmaurice, Governor of Ireland, 1177. Record set down in the Earl of Kerry's pedigree for the second son. Maurice Fitz-Gerald, the eldest son (with Robert Fitz-Stephen his half-brother) came into Ireland anno 1169 (or 1170 Historians differ concerning the year of their arrival.) being sent before Richard Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, to assist Dermoid Mac-Murrough, King of Leinster, to regain this kingdom, from which he had been expelled by the King of Connaught.---They landed at Wexford, and by reducing the place, opened a way for subjecting the Kingdom to the Crown of England; and Dermoid, in performance of his promise, gave them in fee that town, and two cantreds of land adjoining.---He was afterwards engaged in almost every battle with the Irish, until King Henry II came over, and received the submission of their Princes and Chiefs; at whose departure he was appointed on after Monday 1173, one of the assistants to Hugh de Lacie in the government.---After this he returned into Wales, whence in 1176, he was recalled by the Earl of Pembroke; who, in Recompence of his services in accomplishing the reduction of the kingdom, confirmed to him divers lands in Leinster, amongst which was the Barony or half Cantred of Offaley (given him before by the King) and the Castle of Wykenlooe, or Guindoloke (now Wicklow) which Castle the family was afterwards deprived of by William Fitz-Adelm, who craftily procured it from his sons in exchange for fernes; where, although situate in the midst of the Irish, they rebuilt a strong Castle, and maintained the possession of it, until Fitz-Adelm found a presence to have it demolished. He died at Wexford (or Wicklow) 1 Sep 1127, and was buried under a monument without the walls of Wexford, his death being a singular loss to the English interest in Ireland.---His issue were four sons and one daughter. Known as the Invader of Ireland. Born Lanstephen. Went into Ireland with Earl Strongbow and died there, of whom the Geraldines Earls of Kildare are descended. Derwent Mac Morrough gave him Wexford town and Henry II took it away. -------------------- CHART SHOWING DESCENT FROM BRIAN BORU (Illustration of the Church and Bell-house at Iniscaltra. This church, dated 1007, was one of many restored by King Brian Boru Tubbs-Quinton 929.T884 Starts with #51 and ends with the Clifford Family to the Blakiston Family #4.) Eoghan Mor or Eugene the Great, was no. 83 in the descent of Irish Monarchs from Heber Fionn, eldest of the three surviving sons of Milesius - son Olioll Olum, King of both Munsters.

      Maurice FitzGerald
      Also Known As:"The Invader"
      Birth 1100 Castle Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales
      Death:Died September 1, 1176 in Abbey Grey Friar, Wisford, Berkshire, England
      Place of Burial:Abbey Grey Friar, Wisford, Berkshire, England
      Immediate Family:
      Son of Gerald de Windsor (Constable of Pembroke Castle) and Nest verch Rhys
      Husband of Alice FitzGerald
      Father of William FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 1st Baron of Naas; Walter FitzMaurice de Whyte, I; Alexander FitzMaurice FitzGerald; Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Lord of Offaly; Robert Fitzgerald and 4 others
      Brother of Angharad FitzGerald; David FitzGerald; William Fitzgerald FitzGerald, Baron of Windsor and Pembroke; Hadewise de Hastings; NN de Windsor and 1 other
      Half brother of Henry FitzRoy; Robert FitzStephen, 1135; Einion Ap Owain and Llywelyn Cadwgan
      Occupation:OF WINDSOR & WALES/ LORD OF LANSTEPHEN-
      INVADER OF IRELAND, Steward of St. Davids, 1st Steward, St.Edmundsbury.
      About Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan
      Name: Maurice "The Invader" Fitzgerald Of Windsor
      Birth: ABT 1100 in Castle Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales Death: 1 SEP 1176 in Wexford, Kildare, Ireland
      Lord of Landstephen, Wales. Steward of St. Davids
      Maurice Fitz Gerald; feudal Lord of Llanstephan, Wales, by inheritance; in 1167 Dermot MacMurrogh, King of Leinster, who had been deprived of his kingdom by Roderick O'Connor, King of Connaught and High King of Ireland, pledged Wexford to Maurice and his half brother Robert Fitz Stephen if they would help restore him; Maurice accordingly went to Ireland in 1169 and not only secured Wexford but, in concert with Dermot, took Dublin, from which Roderick failed to dislodge him in 1171, by which time Dermot had died; Henry II subsequently went to Ireland and made Maurice Jt Keeper of Dublin, granting him also the middle cantred (akin to a hundred, or subdivision of a county) of Ophelan in Co Kildare (approximately that part of the county centered on Naas) and that of Co Wicklow between Bray and Arklow. [Burke's Peerage]
      Lord of Lanstephen, Wales; His brother, Bishop David, granted him the Stewardship of St. Davids hereditarily. Under Stephen [between 1136 and 1146] the sons of Gerald were hard pressed by the Welsh in their effort to dislodge the Norman interlopers from the lands they had seized. The occasion of Maurice's going to Ireland, where he and his descendants were to flourish so exceedingly, was the promise, in 1167, of Dermot MacMurrough, the dispossessed King of Leinster, to give Wexford to him and to his half-brother, Robert FitzStephen, if they would help him to regain the kingdom--a promise which he duly honoured. Preceded by FitzStephen, and accompanied by his nephew Raymond, Maurice landed at Wexford in 1169 with two ships of armed followers, and with the aid of his Norman allies Dermot recovered Dublin. The coming over of Henry II, and the political dispositions which he made, fettered the progress of the Geraldines; although at his departure [Easter 1172] the King left Maurice one of the three keepers of Dublin. After spending some time in Wales, Maurice returned to Ireland, where the Keeper, Earl Richard, Strongbow, was consolidating the Normans in the face of the Irish by making them grants of land in fee, and by arranging marriages between members of the factious families. There is no record (e) of his marriage. He d. 1 Sep 1176, at Wexford. [Complete Peerage X:11-12, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
      (e) In the 1st edition of this work he is said to have m. a daughter of Arnulf de Montgomery abovenamed; but he can only have been a baby (if born) when Arnulf was exiled in 1102.[JohnFaye (8 Jun 05).FTW]
      Lord of Landstephen, Wales. Steward of St. Davids
      Maurice Fitz Gerald; feudal Lord of Llanstephan, Wales, by inheritance; in 1167 Dermot MacMurrogh, King of Leinster, who had been deprived of his kingdom by Roderick O'Connor, King of Connaught and High King of Ireland, pledged Wexford to Maurice and his half brother Robert Fitz Stephen if they would help restore him; Maurice accordingly went to Ireland in 1169 and not only secured Wexford but, in concert with Dermot, took Dublin, from which Roderick failed to dislodge him in 1171, by which time Dermot had died; Henry II subsequently went to Ireland and made Maurice Jt Keeper of Dublin, granting him also the middle cantred (akin to a hundred, or subdivision of a county) of Ophelan in Co Kildare (approximately that part of the county centered on Naas) and that of Co Wicklow between Bray and Arklow. [Burke's Peerage]
      Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland
      Also Known As: "also went by the nick-name of Maurice 'an Brâthair' (or in English", "the Friar). He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron of Offaly [feudal barony] in 1203. He was invested as a Knight in 1217.", ""The Friar""
      Birth circa 1190 Kildare, Ireland Died May 20, 1257 in Youghal Monastary, Cork, Ireland Place of Burial:Youghal Monastery, Ireland Immediate Family:
      Husband of Juliane Fitzgerald and Johanna / Juliana FitzGerald
      Father of Thomas Fitz Maurice Fitzgerald; Thomas Lixnaw Kerry FitzMaurice FitzThomas; Thomas FitzMaurice; Gerald FitzMaurice FitzGerald; Thomas FitzMaurice FitzGerald, Lord of Connello and 2 others
      Occupation:Justiciar of Ireland, 2nd Baron of Offaly
      Lord Maurice FitzGerald formerly Windsor aka Lord of Lanstephen, Wales Steward of St. Davids
      Born about 1100 in Castle Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales
      Son of Gerald (Windsor) FitzWalter and Nesta (Verch Rhys) ferch Rhys ap Tewdr
      Brother of Phillip de Prendergast, Unknown (Windsor) de Hastings, Maurice Fitz Gerald, David FitzGerald, Henry FitzRoy, Gwladys de Windsor andWilliam Fitzgerald
      Husband of Alice (Montgomery) FitzGerald — married Father of William FitzMaurice, Gerald FitzMaurice, Thomas (FitzMaurice) FitzGerald and1176Walter (FitzMaurice) FitzMaurice de Whyte Died about September 1, 1177 in Wexfield, Kildare, Ireland
      FitzGerald, Maurice, one of the most prominent of the Anglo-Norman invaders of Ireland, was a son of Nesta, a Welsh princess [See NESTA], and Gerald FitzWalter, grandson of Lord Otho, an honorary Baron of England, said to have been descended from the Gherardini of Florence. [The Gherardini pedigree will be found in the Kilkenny Archaeological Journal for 1877.] His descendants are consequently styled Geraldines, as well as FitzGeralds.
      When Dermot MacMurrough was returning home, after having arranged with Strongbow for a descent on Ireland, he was hospitably received by David FitzGerald, Bishop of St. David's. The Bishop proposed to Dermot that his brother Maurice and his half-brother FitzStephen should join him with a body of troops in the spring, and gain a footing in the country, while Strongbow was getting together his larger armament. Dermot gladly accepted the offer, and agreed to give them two cantreds of land, and the town of Wexford. In May 1169 FitzStephen landed at Bagenbun with 400 archers and men-at-arms, and marched against Wexford, which he took by assault. Soon after FitzGerald arrived at Wexford with two ships, having on board 10 knights, 30 men-at-arms, and about 100 archers.
      Dermot, having vested his allies with the lordship of the town, marched to attack Dublin with FitzGerald, while FitzStephen remained to build a castle at Ferry carrick, near Wexford. After exacting hostages from the Danish King of Dublin, Dermot, thinking Strongbow had given up his projected expedition, offered his daughter Eva in marriage to FitzGerald or FitzStephen, if they would bring over a force sufficient to subdue the island; but they being married declined the offer, and on Strongbow's arrival at Waterford, Eva was married to him. In 1171 Maurice and Strongbow were in Dublin, when it was besieged by Roderic O'Conor at the head of 30,000 men, and the harbour blockaded by a Manx fleet. FitzStephen was at the same time besieged by the Irish at Ferrycarrick.
      It was FitzGerald who saved De Lacy's life in the encounter with O'Rourke at the Hill of Ward. On the recall of De Lacy in 1173, FitzGerald retired to Wales, in consequence of misunderstandings with Strongbow. In 1176 matters were arranged between them, and he was made a grant of the barony of Offaly, and the territory of Offelan, comprising the present towns of Maynooth and Naas. He was given the castle of Wicklow in return for his share of Wexford, appropriated with other towns by the King. In September 1177 he died at Wexford, and was buried in the Abbey of Grey Friars, without the walls of the town. According to Lodge, his death was "not without much sorrow of all his friends, and much harm and loss to the English interest in Ireland. He was a man witty and manful; a truer man, nor steadfaster, for constancy, fidelity, and love, left he none in Ireland." Cambrensis thus describes him: "Maurice was indeed an honourable and modest man, with a face sun-burnt and well-looking, of middle height; a man well modelled in mind and body; a man of innate goodness; desiring rather to be than to seem good. A man of few words, but full of weight, having more of the heart than of the mouth, more of reason than of volubility, more wisdom than eloquence; and yet, when it was required, earnest to the purpose. In military affairs valiant, and second to few in activity; neither impetuous nor rash, but circumspect in attack, and resolute in defence; a sober, modest, and chaste man; constant, trusty, and faithful; a man not altogether without fault, yet not spotted with any notorious or great crime." One of his sons, Thomas, surnamed the "Great," was ancestor of the Desmond FitzGeralds. [See DESMONDS.]
      Sources
      202. Kildare, The Earls of, and their Ancestors: from 1057 to 1773, with Supplement: Marquis of Kildare. 2 vols. Dublin, 1858-'62.