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PERCY, Baron Henry de II

Male 1273 - 1314  (41 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document


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  • Name PERCY, Henry de 
    Prefix Baron 
    Suffix II 
    Birth 25 Mar 1273  Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Burial 1314  Fountains Abbey, Harrogate Borough, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Death 2 Oct 1314  Fountains Abbey, Ripon, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    WAC 25 Jun 1921  [2
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I28394  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father PERCY, Baron Henry de I ,   b. 24 Sep 1235, Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this locationAlnwick, Northumberland, Englandd. 9 Aug 1272, Craven, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 36 years) 
    Mother WARREN, Eleanor de ,   b. 1241, Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this locationAlnwick, Northumberland, Englandd. 1314 (Age 73 years) 
    Marriage 8 Sep 1268  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Notes 
    • ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 18 Mar 1998, JRIVE.
    Family ID F15826  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family ARUNDEL, Baroness Eleanor Fitz-Alen de ,   b. 1274, Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this locationArundel, Sussex, Englandd. Jul 1328, Beverly, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 54 years) 
    Marriage 1300  Alnwick, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Arundel, Sussex, England. MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Abt 1299 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 9 Sep 1992, PROVO.
    Children 2 sons 
    Family ID F15825  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

  • Photos At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • --Other Fields Ref Number: 2476 From Colby: "He was most active during Edward I's Scottish wars as Governor of Galloway until Robert Bruce drove him out of Turnberry castle and back into England. (In 1297 he was sent to Scotland in command of the forces of his uncle, Earl of Warren and general of all the armies north of the Trent.) He was one of the victors at Dunbar. He was in fact a warrior from youth to old age and for the success of his arms King Edward rewarded him with the Scotch Earldom of Carrick, declared forfeited by Robert the Bruce, later king of Scotland, and governorships of the Castles of Bamborough and Scarborough." "Having been summoned in 1299 to the Huse of Lords which created for him the Baroncy in fee of Percy, he later acquired Alnwick in the county of Northumberland which William Tyron, the Saxon baron, had owned when he was slain in the Battle of Hastings. He procured also the Lordship of Corbridge in Nothumberland where his descendants presided over a princely court. ("Barons and those knyghtes bold, and other gentlemen with hym entertayned in fee, as menyall men of his household whom he as 'lord worshiply maintayned") ." He was summoned to Parliament from Feb. 6, 1299 to July 20, 1315. He had obtained November 19, 1309, from Anthony Beck, Bishop of Durham, by purchase, a grant of the Barony of Alnwick, County Northumberland. He was Constable of Scarborough Castle, and Justice of the Forest beyond Trent. Henry was one of the great barons who subscribed, in 1301, the celebrated letter to Pope Boniface VIII, upon the attempt of his holiness to interpose in the affairs of the kingdom, intimating "That their king was not to answer to judgement, for any rights of the crown of England, before any tribunal under Heaven, etc., and that, by the help of God, they would resolutely, and with all their force, maintain against all men." BIRTH: Also shown as Born 25 Mar 1272/25 Mar 1273 ~BAPTISM: Also shown as Baptized 28 Sep 1991, DALLA. ~ENDOWMENT: Also shown as Endowed 20 Nov 1993, DALLA. ~SEALING_PARENTS: Also shown as SealPar 5 Jan 1994, DALLA.

      Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick (25 March 1273 – October 1314)[3] was a medieval English magnate.

      He fought under King Edward I of England in Wales and Scotland and was granted extensive estates in Scotland, which were later retaken by the Scots under King Robert I of Scotland. He added Alnwick to the family estates in England, founding a dynasty of northern warlords. He rebelled against King Edward II over the issue of Piers Gaveston and was imprisoned for a few months. After his release, he declined to fight under Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn, remaining at Alnwick, where he died a few months later, aged 41.

      Henry was born at Petworth in Sussex in 1273, seven months after his father's death, saving the family line from extinction, as two older brothers had died in infancy, and all six uncles had died without leaving any legitimate heirs. He was fortunate in having the powerful John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey as his maternal grandfather. Henry was the son of Henry de Percy (d.1272), 7th feudal baron of Topcliffe, Yorkshire,[4] by his wife, Eleanor de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey by Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey, half sister of King Henry III.[5] His great-great-grandfather was Jocelin de Louvain (d.1180) who had married Agnes de Percy (d.1203), one of the two daughters and co-heiresses of William II de Percy (d.1174/5), 3rd feudal baron of Topcliffe, whose descendants had adopted the surname "de Percy"

      n 1293, Henry came into his inheritance of estates in Sussex and Yorkshire, including Topcliffe Castle, the ancient family seat. In 1294 he married Eleanor, daughter of the Earl of Arundel. He then proceeded to change the family coat of arms from Azure, five fusils in fess or[7] ("Percy ancient") to Or, a lion rampant azure ("Percy modern"). Blue and gold were the Earl Warenne's colours and a gold lion rampant had been the Arundel's arms. Alternatively the arms are said to be the arms of Brabant.[2] This emphasised his royal and noble connections and marked his ambition. This was also the year he went to war for the first time, summoned to fight in France, but then diverted to Wales to join Edward I in suppressing a Welsh rebellion. There he learned the grim business of medieval warfare, and command and supply of armies in the field.

      Henry de Percy married Eleanor FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel,[8] and had two sons:

      Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy (b.1299), who succeeded his father
      William de Percy (c.1303-1355)

      King Edward now prepared for a campaign in Scotland in 1314, culminating in his total defeat at the Battle of Bannockburn. Percy, along with five of the earls and many other nobles refused summonses to this campaign because it had not been sanctioned by parliament, as required by the Ordinances. There are no contemporary records of Percy being at Bannockburn[20] and it seems that he remained at Alnwick, defending his land against Scottish raiders. His friend and comrade Robert Clifford did go, and was killed in the battle. Within days of the battle Percy was summoned to Newcastle to prepare an emergency defence of northern England against an invasion. Instead of an all-out invasion, Robert Bruce sent raiding parties to extort money from the northern counties. Only a few months later in the first half of October 1314 Henry Percy died, aged 41, of unknown causes.

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Henry OR Baron de Percy; Male; Birth: About 25 MAR 1273 Of, Alnwick, Northumberland, England; Death: OCT 1314; Father: Henry OR Baron de Percy; Mother: Eleanor OR Baroness de Warenne; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004

    2. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Henry OR Baron de Percy; Male; Birth: About 25 MAR 1273 Of, Alnwick, Northumberland, England; Death: OCT 1314; Baptism: 28 SEP 1991 DALLA; Endowment: 20 NOV 1993 DALLA; Sealing to Parents: 05 JAN 1994 DALLA; Henry OR Baron de Percy / Eleanor OR Baroness de Warenne; Father: Henry OR Baron de Percy; Mother: Eleanor OR Baroness de Warenne; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church to request LDS temple ordinances.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004

    3. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Henry De Percy; Male; Birth: 1235 , , England; Death: 29 AUG 1272; Father: William De Percy; Mother: Joan De Briwere; Spouse: Eleanor De Warenne; Marriage: 08 SEP 1268 , , England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 28 Sep 2004

    4. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Eleanor Arundel; Female; Birth: About 1274; Spouse: Henry De Percy; Marriage: 1300 Arundel, Sussex, England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Sep 2004