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CLARE, Baroness Margaret de

CLARE, Baroness Margaret de

Female 1287 - 1342  (55 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document

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  • Name CLARE, Margaret de 
    Prefix Baroness 
    Birth 1 Apr 1287  Bunratty Castle, Clare, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Burial Apr 1342 
    Death 13 Apr 1342  Badlesmere, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    WAC 18 Feb 1915  [3, 4
    _TAG Reviewed on FS 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I28564  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2021 

    Father CLARE, Lord Thomas de ,   b. 1255, Tunbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this locationTunbridge, Kent, Englandd. 29 Aug 1287, Thomond, Clare, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 32 years) 
    Mother FITZ-MAURICE, Lady Juliane ,   b. 1267, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this locationDublin, Dublin, Irelandd. 24 Sep 1300, Thomond, Connaght, Clare, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 33 years) 
    Marriage 1275  Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married 1277 ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 22 Oct 1963, SLAKE.
    Family ID F15821  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 UMFREVILLE, Gilbert de ,   b. Abt 1275, , Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this locationNorthumberland, Englandd. Bef 23 May 1303, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age < 28 years) 
    Marriage Bef 1302  Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F15960  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

    Family 2 BADLESMERE, Baron Bartholomew ,   b. 18 Aug 1275, Chilham Castle, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this locationChilham Castle, Kent, Englandd. 14 Apr 1322, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 46 years) 
    Marriage 30 Jun 1308  Thomond, Clare, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    Children 3 sons and 3 daughters 
    Family ID F15961  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2022 

  • Photos
    Margaret de Clare.png
    Margaret de Clare.png
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

  • Notes 
    • BIO: from Weis' Ancestral Roots . . ., 8th Edition, 54:32
      Margaret de Clare married 1st, Gilbert d'Umfraville, son of Gilbert d'Umfraville, and married a 2nd time to Bartholomew de Badlesmere. Margaret de Clare was heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of Richard de Clare. She was the sister of Richard, 2nd son and Thomas, 1st son.

      Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. III, p. 132, Margaret de Clare, daughter of Thomas de Clare and Julianne Fitz Maurice, married as her second husband, Lord Bartholomew de Badlesmere, who was hung in 1332. 530

      ** from Richardson's Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 35
      Margaret de Clare, born about 1286 since she was aged forty in March 1326/7. She married, as her first husband, Gilbert de umfreville, son and heir apparent of Gilbert de Umfreville. Her second husband from Bartholomew de Badlesmere, Knight, of Badlesmere and Snodhurst, Kent, Lacheley, Lindsell, Little Stanbridge and Thaxted, Essex, etc.

      ** from Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, (Badlesmere), pp. 371-372
      Bartholomew de Badlesmere married, sometime before 30 Jun 1308, Margaret, widow of Gilbert de Umfreville, aunt and coheir of Thomas de Clare, Steward of the Forest of Essex, daughter of Thomas de Clare (a younger son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford), by Julian (not Amy), daughter of Sir Maurice Fitz Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland. As mentioned above, Bartholomew died in 1322. His widow Margaret was notorious for having refused the Queen admission to the Royal Castle of Leeds in the summer of 1321, was besieged therein by Edward II, and being captured with the Castle on 11 Nov following, was imprisoned in the Tower of London. She was released 3 Nov 1322, and after staying some time at the Minorites without Aldgate, at the King's charge (2s. a day), had leave to go to her friends, 1 Jul 1324. Margaret, aged 40 in Mar. 1326/7, had dower on lands at Castlecombe, Wiltshire, &c., and died in late 1333.

      ** from Wikipedia listing for Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere
      Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere (ca. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333/3 January 1334, disputed) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, suo jure heiress, and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere.[1]

      She was arrested and subsequently imprisoned in the Tower of London for the duration of a year from November 1321 to November 1322, making her the first recorded female prisoner in the Tower's history.[2][3] She was jailed on account of having ordered an armed assault on Isabella of France, Queen consort of King Edward II of England. Before Margaret had instructed her archers to fire upon Isabella and her escort, she had refused the Queen admittance to Leeds Castle where her husband, Baron Badlesmere held the post of governor, but which was legally the property of Queen Isabella as part of the latter's dowry. Margaret surrendered the castle on 31 October 1321 after it was besieged by the King's forces using ballistas. Edward's capture of Leeds Castle was the catalyst which led to the Despenser War in the Welsh Marches and the north of England.

      Upon her release from the Tower, Margaret entered a religious life at the convent house of the Minorite Sisters outside Aldgate. King Edward granted her a stipend to pay for her maintenance.

      Family
      Margaret was born at an unrecorded place in either Ireland or England on or about 1 April 1287, the youngest child of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly, and granddaughter of Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester. She had two brothers, Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond, and Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond, who was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318;[4] and an elder sister, Maud, whose first husband was Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford. Margaret had an illegitimate half-brother, Richard.[5] Her parents resided in both Ireland and England throughout their marriage;[6] it has never been established where Juliana was residing at the time of Margaret's birth although the date is known.

      Her father died on 29 August 1287, when she was almost five months of age. His cause of death has never been ascertained by historians. Her mother married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel sometime afterwards, but the exact date of this marriage is not known. Between 11 December 1291 and 16 February 1292, Margaret acquired another stepfather when her mother married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

      Inheritance
      A series of inquisitions post mortem held in response to writs issued on 10 April 1321 established that Margaret, the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere and Maud, wife of Sir Robert de Welle (sisters of Richard de Clare and both aged 30 years and above) were the next heirs of Richard's son Thomas.[7] Thomas' estate included the stewardship of the Forest of Essex, the town and castle at Thomond and numerous other properties in Ireland that are listed in the reference.

      Marriages
      She married firstly before the year 1303, Gilbert de Umfraville, son of Gilbert de Umphraville, Earl of Angus, and Elizabeth Comyn. Upon their marriage, the Earl of Angus granted Gilbert and Margaret the manors of Hambleton and Market Overton; however, when Gilbert died childless prior to 1307, the manors passed to Margaret.

      On an unrecorded date earlier than 30 June 1308,[8] she married secondly, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, an English soldier and court official who was afterwards created 1st Baron Badlesmere by writ of summons. He had held the post of Governor of Bristol Castle since 1307, and from then onwards proceeded to accumulate many renumerative grants and offices. Margaret's marriage to Badlesmere had been arranged by her brother-in-law, Baron Clifford; Badlesmere having been one of Clifford's retainers during the Scottish Wars in the early 1300s. Clifford was later killed at the Battle of Bannockburn, where Badlesmere also fought.

      Margaret was styled as Baroness Badlesmere on 26 October 1309 (the date her husband was by writ summoned to Parliament by the title of Baron Badlesmere) and henceforth known by that title.[9]

      The marriage produced four daughters, and a son and heir, Giles Badlesmere.[10] The couple's principal residences were Castle Badlesmere and Chilham Castle, both in Kent.

      Badlesmere was appointed steward of King Edward II's household in 1318; a position which brought him much power and influence in the royal council. He was one of the middle party, which resented the King's favourites, the Despensers, yet also equally opposed Edward's staunch enemies such as his immensely powerful cousin Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, who in addition to having been one of the wealthiest nobles in England, was the leader of the Lords Ordainers. These men, drawn from the peerage and clergy, were the 21 signatories of the Ordinances of 1311; a series of regulations forced upon the King with the aim of restricting his administrative prerogatives, and setting up a baronial oligarchy in the realm.

      Margaret was visiting Cheshunt Manor in Hertfordshire in 1319, when she was taken hostage by a group of sixty people, both men and women.[11] Her captors demanded a ransom of £100 for her release. She was held prisoner for one night before her prompt rescue the following day by the King's favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger.[11] Hugh was married to Margaret's first cousin, Eleanor de Clare, eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester and Joan of Acre and also Eleanor was Edward II's niece. The King ordered the arrest and imprisonment of 20 of Margaret's kidnappers; they all, however, were eventually pardoned.

      Issue
      The five children of Margaret and Baron Badlesmere:

      Margery de Badlesmere (1308/1309- 18 October 1363), married before 25 November 1316 William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Hamlake, by whom she had six children.
      Maud de Badlesmere (1310- 24 May 1366), married firstly, Robert FitzPayn; secondly, John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford, by whom she had seven children.
      Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313- 8 June 1356), married firstly in 1316 Sir Edmund Mortimer, eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville; she married secondly in 1335, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. Both marriages produced children.
      Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338), married Elizabeth Montagu, but did not have any children by her.
      Margaret de Badlesmere (born 1315), married Sir John Tiptoft, 2nd Lord Tiptoft, by whom she had one son, Robert Tiptoft.

      Assault on Queen Isabella
      Margaret's husband, Baron Badlesmere was appointed Governor of the Royal Castle of Leeds in Kent in the fifth year of Edward II's reign (1312).[12] In October 1321, nine years after his assumption of the office, the queen consort Isabella went on a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas at Canterbury. She decided to interrupt her journey by stopping at Leeds Castle which legally belonged to her as the fortress and its demesne were Crown property and part of her dowry to be retained in widowhood.[13] Badlesmere, who by then had become disaffected with King Edward and had joined the swelling ranks of his opponents, was away at a meeting of the Contrariants[n 1] in Oxford at the time and had left Margaret in charge of the castle. Shortly before, Baron Badlesmere had deposited all of his treasure and goods inside Leeds Castle for safe-keeping.[14]

      Due to her strong dislike of Isabella as well as her own belligerent and quarrelsome character,[15][n 2] Margaret refused the Queen admittance.[16] It was suggested by Francis Lancellott that Margaret's antipathy towards Queen Isabella had its origins in about 1317 when she had asked Isabella to use her influence on behalf of a friend who was seeking an appointment in the Exchequer Office. When Isabella refused her request, for reasons unknown, a quarrel ensued (see Memories)

      From Wikipedia:

      "Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere (ca. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333/3 January 1334, disputed) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, suo jure heiress, and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere.[1]

      She was arrested and subsequently imprisoned in the Tower of London for the duration of a year from November 1321 to November 1322, making her the first recorded female prisoner in the Tower's history.[2][3] She was jailed on account of having ordered an armed assault on Isabella of France, Queen consort of King Edward II of England. Before Margaret had instructed her archers to fire upon Isabella and her escort, she had refused the Queen admittance to Leeds Castle where her husband, Baron Badlesmere held the post of governor, but which was legally the property of Queen Isabella as part of the latter's dowry. Margaret surrendered the castle on 31 October 1321 after it was besieged by the King's forces using ballistas. Edward's capture of Leeds Castle was the catalyst which led to the Despenser War in the Welsh Marches and the north of England.

      Upon her release from the Tower, Margaret entered a religious life at the convent house of the Minorite Sisters outside Aldgate. King Edward granted her a stipend to pay for her maintenance."

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Margaret De Clare; Female; Birth: 1286 Of Badlesmere &, Chilham Castle, Kent, England; Death: 1333; Father: Thomas De Clare; Mother: Julian Fitz Maurice; Spouse: Unavailable; Film Number: 537730; Page Number: 1; Reference number: 28712
      Record submitted by a member of the LDS Church
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 29 Sep 2004

    2. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Margaret Clare; Female; Birth: About 1279 Of, Badlesmere, Kent, England; Death: 1365; Father: Thomas de Clare; Mother: Julian Fitz Maurice; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Nov 2004

    3. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Margaret De Clare; Female; Birth: 1286 Of Badlesmere &, Chilham Castle, Kent, England; Death: 1333; Baptism: 08 MAR 1969; Endowment: 19 APR 1969 ARIZO; Father: Thomas De Clare; Mother: Julian Fitz Maurice; Spouse: Unavailable; Relative/Proxy: Varla J. Owens Wright; Film Number: 537730; Page Number: 1; Reference number: 28712
      Record of LDS Church ordinance (living or proxy).
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 29 Sep 2004

    4. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Margaret Clare; Female; Birth: About 1279 Of, Badlesmere, Kent, England; Death: 1365; Baptism: 05 NOV 1993 OGDEN; Endowment: 14 JAN 1994 OGDEN; Sealing to Parents: 25 JAN 1994 OGDEN; Thomas de Clare / Julian Fitz Maurice; Father: Thomas de Clare; Mother: Julian Fitz Maurice; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church to request LDS temple ordinances.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Nov 2004

    5. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Thomas De CLARE; Male; Death: 29 AUG 1287; Spouse: Julian FITZMAURICE; Marriage: About 1274 , Essex, England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 29 Sep 2004

    6. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Bartholomew OR The Rich BADLESMERE; Male; Death: 14 APR 1322; Spouse: Margaret de CLARE; Marriage: About 1290 Thomond, , Connaught Province, Ireland; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 27 Nov 2004

    7. [S64] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index.
      Bartholomew De BADLESMERE; Male; Death: 14 APR 1322; Father: Guncelin BADLESMERE; Mother: Joan FITZBERNARD; Spouse: Margaret De CLARE; Marriage: About 1305 Castle, Badlesmere, Kent, England; No source information is available.
      Record submitted after 1991 by a member of the LDS Church.
      Search performed using PAF Insight on 29 Sep 2004